Balance of Payments of the Republic of Lithuania for Q1 2021
Today, the Bank of Lithuania released the balance of payments data for Q1 2021, which shows that:
The current account balance (CAB) surplus declined 2.6 times and amounted to €521.0 million or 4.5 % of the gross domestic product (GDP). This decline was determined by a large increase in the primary income balance deficit, resulting from a significant decline in European Union (EU) subsidies for agriculture. Another factor that reduced the CAB surplus was the foreign trade balance that turned from surplus to deficit. The foreign trade balance deficit of €256.4 million resulted from the fall in the export of goods (4.1%) and a slight increase in their import (0.1%). The surplus in the balances of services and secondary income went down as well. A year earlier, the CAB stood at €890.8 million, equating to 7.9% of GDP (see Chart 1);
The capital account surplus contracted 2.1 times, compared to the previous quarter, and amounted to €175.1 million. This was a result of smaller transfers received from EU structural support funds dedicated to financing investment projects;
The positive net flow of financial account investment decreased 4 times over the reporting period and totalled €325.3 million or 2.8% of GDP (see Chart 2). This decline was determined by the fall in the positive net flow of other investment and the net flow of direct investment, which turned from positive to negative. The negative effect of these factors was mitigated by the decrease of the negative net flow of portfolio investment and the rise in the official reserve assets;
The negative net international investment position amounted to €6.7 billion or 13.5% of GDP at the end of Q1;
Lithuania's gross external debt stood at €35.6 billion or 72.2% of GDP, whereas the net external debt became negative and amounted to €1.9 billion or 3.9% of GDP.
Chart 1. CAB and its composite flows as a percentage of GDP
Chart 2. Net financial account investment flows as a percentage of GDP
Detailed data on the balance of payments, international investment position, and foreign debt is available on the Bank of Lithuania website (under External Statistics).
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