Bank of Lithuania
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2020-07-22

The persistently high rate of suicide in Lithuania: an updated view

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This article examines possible factors related to the rate of suicide in Lithuania, which is the highest in Europe and one of the highest worldwide. Using statistical methods, we select possible determinants from the literature in the fields of economics, psychology and sociology. We look at annual data from 1994 to 2016 for the Baltic States, with a specific focus on Lithuania. The main factors linked to suicide in the region seem to be GDP growth, demographics, alcohol consumption, psychological factors and global warming. For Lithuania in particular, other macroeconomic variables (especially linked to the labor market) may matter. The percentage of rural population does not seem to be a key robust factor.

JEL Codes: I15, I31, J11, J17, O15.

The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the Bank of Lithuania.

Lithuania, suicide rates, mortality, socioeconomic factors, WALS method, Bayesian regression, elastic net